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Russia and UK scientists will explore the Vasyugan Swamp
Researchers from Tomsk State University and Newcastle University will study the carbon cycle of the Vasyugan Swamp. The first step towards this will be holding seminars necessary for the scientific groups’ adaptation. The British Science and Innovation Network, which supports the creation of international research projects, allocated a grant to the British side for these events.   - The Vasyugan Swamp attracts the attention of many scientific groups in the world, says Sergey Kirpotin, director of the TSU Center for Excellence Bio-Сlim-Land. - The reason lies not only in its size but also in the fact that this swamp plays a large climate-forming role. Studying it helps to understand the causes of global environmental changes that are occurring on the planet. British colleagues came to us through the publications of members of the SecNet network, created under the auspices of TSU to study Siberia and the Arctic. Specialists from Newcastle were interested in the megaprofile, a research infrastructure created by TSU. We, in turn, are interested in several laboratory studies that the British side is capable of performing.   A grant from the UK Science and Innovation Network won by Newcastle University staff will help researchers build a working relationship. In February, TSU scientists will go to the first joint seminar. They will deliver samples taken in the Vasyugan swamp for laboratory tests. The expedition to the largest swamp in the world took place in December.   - Winter sampling is fraught with certain difficulties, but we managed to get a peat column for research, namely, for the British side to conduct a lignin analysis, says Sergey Kirpotin. - This will help us obtain more accurate data on the presence of woody vegetation in the past, and, ultimately, on the carbon cycle, on which a lot depends on our planet. It was the long-term change in the carbon cycle in the distant past that led to the alternation of ice ages and warm interglacials. To predict further changes on the planet, it is very important to understand the laws of the processes that took place in the past.   The winter expedition was also interesting because it made it possible to assess the working conditions in the cold season. Previously, TSU scientists traveled along the Vasyugan Swamp on a swamp buggy in the summer, but it is almost impossible to cross the entire heavily watered and muddy place on this transport in the summer. The winter is different. Now, under the leadership of Sergey Fedko, the director of the stationary research base Vasyuganskaya, they were getting there on snowmobiles through the frozen swamp. This made it possible to select the locations for subsequent sampling.   The complexity of the route to Vasyugan Swamp is that there are no more than three points of entry from the taiga to the lake and only a few know them. This serves as a kind of protection for a unique object, within which the Vasyugan reserve will soon be created.   Also, in February 2020, scientists from Newcastle University will pay a return visit, during which they will visit two TSU research stations included in the SecNet network and the international project Interact II. During the seminars, researchers will discuss the topic of joint research and decide on the filing of joint applications to scientific foundations that support international projects.
15.01.2020 Read More
Singapore students came to TSU in the winter to learn Russian
Nanyang Technological University students came to TSU for the fourth time for intensive Russian language learning at the Faculty of Philology. This time they visited Siberia in the winter and studied the Russian language and culture for three weeks.   Nanyang Technological University (Singapore) is a world-leading university, ranked 11th in the QS World University Rankings. In 2016, a memorandum of understanding between TSU and Nanyang Technological University was concluded, and this winter the fourth intensive Russian language school was held in Tomsk.   - The goal of such schools is the development of mutual academic mobility and long-term partnerships so that students and staff can go on internships, study in the master’s programs, and launch joint research projects. And the first step towards this is winter and summer schools, where university representatives get to know each other and find out possible areas of collaboration, - says Lidia Zhulyova, head of the TSU International Student Services Centre.   - The Russian language is difficult but interesting. Most of all I liked the topic “Gender of Nouns” because in English there is no such category, so I wonder why some items are feminine and others are masculine, - Natasha Do Ramesh shared her impressions. - The teachers are very friendly, they always helped.   TSU teachers are convinced that the language should be studied in parallel with culture, so students also visited the museums of Tomsk and TSU, Cossack Ostrog, the Botanical Garden, and the TSU Research Library, and went to the December Evenings concert of the Institute of Arts and Culture. Students liked the workshops on painting nesting dolls, Russian dance, and folk costumes.   Since 2016, students from Singapore came to the Aktru Summer School twice. They studied the unique natural area of the Altai Mountains, and the lifestyle and adaptation of the population in a rapidly changing climate.
15.01.2020 Read More
What international publications wrote about TSU in the 19th and -20th
The second part of the index “From the Imperial Tomsk to the National Research: 140 Years of Tomsk State University: A Bibliographic Index. Part 2: 1878 - 1917 (Literature in Foreign Languages)” has been published by the TSU Publishing House. The index covers literature from 1875 to 1917 in two dozen European languages.   The opening of the Imperial Tomsk University was a big event for Russia but also caused a wide response from the world community. Newspapers and magazines in Europe, Asia, America, and Australia discussed the latest news and rumors about the construction of the university and the faculty and scientific discoveries of Tomsk scientists; travelers and researchers shared their impressions of university visits and joint expeditions. The compilers of the publication are Galina Polovtseva and Dmitry Nikitin, bibliographers of the Bibliographic Information Center of the TSU Research Library. They sought to present the geographical and linguistic diversity of publications dedicated to the first university beyond the Urals.   The news about the allocation of funds and the beginning of the construction of university buildings was perceived as a great achievement and caused great interest. The newspaper Voice of Mexico wrote that “Siberia is Moving towards Progress” (La Voz de México. 1875. 28 Oct. p. 2), and the observer of the Ljubljana Slovene noted not without sarcasm that Tomsk University is “new evidence of this what barbarians these Russians are: they open a higher school even in Siberia!”(Slovenec. Ljubljana, 1879. 29 julija. S. 4). News of the upcoming opening of the university reached even the distant Netherlands East Indies: the local “Java-bode” hurried to notify readers that the Siberian university would open in July 1886 (Java-bode: nieuws, handels-en advertentieblad voor Nederlandsch-Indie. 1886. 9 Apr.).   The scientific community followed with interest the news about the appointment of professors to the university, about replenishment of the library with book collections, and new exhibits of the university museum. In 1886, the journal Nature noted that Tomsk University “already has a library of 50,000 volumes and a very valuable paleontological collection donated by Nicholas, Duke of Leuchtenberg” (Nature. 1886. Vol. 34, no. 868. p. 153–155).   An important role in alerting foreign colleagues was played by Russian newspapers published in German, Polish, and other languages. Thus, the St. Petersburg Medical Weekly (St. Petersburger medicinische Wochenschrift) regularly informed the public about university life news, and the Moscow newspaper Esperantists La Ondo de Esperanto reported on such interesting aspects of Tomsk student life as the work of language circles (La Ondo de Esperanto. Moskvo, 1910. No. 11. p. 5-7).   In Moscow, reports were published on the scientific congresses held here, in which professors of Tomsk University also participated. In 1893, Professor N.F. Kashchenko made a report at the Anthropological Congress on the work of the Zoological Institute. The report was subsequently published in French (Kastschenko N. L`Institute zoologoque de l`Université Impériale de Tomsk // Congrès Internationaux d'Anthropologie et d'Archéologie préhistorique et de Zoologie à Moscou le 10/22 - 18/30 août: matéaux , réunis par le Comité d'organization des congrès concernant les expéditions scientifiques, les excursions et les rapports sur les questions touchant les congrès. Deuxième et derniere partie. Moscou, 1893. p. 34–44).   Many travelers who visited Tomsk left interesting notes and memories of the Siberian university.   Annette Meakin, the first foreign woman to travel on the Trans-Siberian Railway, talked about her meetings with V. Sapozhnikov, sharing with her the “secrets” of flower growing in Siberia, and a visit to the chemical laboratory of F. Kruger and the Zoological Museum, where she viewed “a wonderful collection of local birds, interesting for both the naturalist and the hunter”. Describing her impressions of the university, Annette Meakin was surprised that “many students wear beards and completely refuse to use a razor” (Meakin A. M. B. A ribbon of iron / Annette M. B. Meakin. Westminster: A. Constable & Co., [1901]. 319 pp.).   J. Legra, French professor, J. Wiggins, explorer of the Arctic seas, and H. K. Lee, an American writer, wrote about Tomsk University. Serbian teachers compared Tomsk University with Belgrade, and in Hungary, they watched with interest the scientific research of S.K. Kuznetsov, who studied the life of the Finno-Ugric peoples (Zichy Jenő Gróf harmadik Ázsiai utazása. Budapest; Leipzig, 1900).   With the beginning of the 20th century, the international press began to pay more and more attention to the revolutionary events in Russia. Student performances in university cities elicited a lively response in Belgium, France, the USA, Romania, and many other countries. Newspapers reprinted revolutionary appeals by Tomsk University students and published reports on student strikes and meetings. Publications about this period in the history of Tomsk University comprise one of the largest sections of the index.   During this turbulent time, the scientific and social life of the university did not stop. The index contains information about publications on the creation of B. Weinberg's aircraft, about the unique collections of the university library, about the medical research of Professor A. Kulyabko, and many others.   The first Siberian university and its scientific and social activities were the subject of discussion in a vast space - from New Zealand to the Bermuda Islands. Foreign language publications sometimes show the life of Tomsk University from a side that is unusual for us, and therefore it becomes even more interesting.   The bibliographic index “From the Imperial Tomsk to the National Research: 140 years of Tomsk State University. Part 2: 1878–1917 (Literature in Foreign Languages)” is available at the Electronic Library and Bibliographic Information Center of the TSU Research Library.
09.01.2020 Read More
TSU scientists’ articles have been published in top journals
The Department of Sports and Health Tourism, Sports Physiology, and Medicine of the Faculty of Physical Education has had its anniversary celebration - 10 years from its founding. The staff of the department made a good gift for the anniversary: they published three articles in Q1 journals in the areas of medicine, biochemistry, genetics, and molecular biology.   2019 was a very busy year for the department: the team carried out two projects with the support of the Russian Science Foundation. The first is devoted to the study of myokines - special proteins that are produced by muscles during physical exercise (the project manager is Professor Leonid Kapilevich, head of the department). In the second project, the effect of physical exertion on the compensation of type 2 diabetes mellitus was studied (the project manager is Professor Alexander Chibalin, a staff member of TSU and Karolinska Institute, Sweden). This resulted in 15 scientific articles in journals included in the international databases Web of Science and Scopus, including three articles in journals from the first quartile.   The article “Transcriptomic Changes Triggered by Ouabain in Rat Cerebellum Granule Cells: Role of α3- And α1-Na +, K + -ATPase-mediated Signaling” was published in PLoS ONE (the USA journal, impact factor 6.26, 27th of 2,836 journals in the category "Medicine - Myology"). In this work, the role of monovalent ions (sodium and potassium) as regulators of intracellular processes was studied.   - This is a fundamentally new approach, - explains Leonid Kapilevich. - Traditionally, calcium is considered the main ion that is the regulator of cellular metabolism, especially in muscles. However, the team showed that it is the ratio of sodium and potassium in the cell that is able to regulate the process of gene transcription, moreover, regardless of calcium.   The article “Elevation of Intracellular Na + Contributes to Expression of Early Response Genes Triggered by Endothelial Cell Shrinkage” was published in the journal Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry (published in Sweden, impact factor 5.11, 51st of 2,124 journals in "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology "). This article continues the research whose results are described in the previous article. Here, an attempt is made to understand how sodium ions affect the metabolic processes in the cell. It was found that one of the most likely ways is by changing the osmotic pressure of the cytoplasm and, as a consequence, the volume of the cell and its components.   The article “Low AS160 and High SGK Basal Phosphorylation Associates with Impaired Incretin Profile and Type 2 Diabetes in Adipose Tissue of Obese Patients” was published in the journal Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice (published in the Netherlands, impact factor 3.26, 26th of 133 journals in “Internal Medicine”). The study examined molecular changes in adipose tissue in patients with diabetes, which contribute to impaired glucose metabolism and can serve as a target for the therapeutic effect of exercise.   - The tenth anniversary against the background of the centennials of other departments and faculties looks, of course, modest, but even for this short period the department has something to be proud of, - says Leonid Kapilevich. - During this time, two doctoral and nine master's theses were defended at the department, 15 student manuals were published, 115 articles were published in journals included in international databases, five monographs, and two grants from the Russian Science Foundation were won.
09.01.2020 Read More
The registration for the Open Doors Olympics has finished
On December 18, 2019, registration for the Open Doors Olympics for international master’s students, organized by the Global Universities Association in the person of 21 member universities of the Association (participants of the 5-100 Project), has completed.   Over 35,000 people (1.5 times more than last year) from over 180 countries (27 more than last year) that filled 48,083 portfolios (67% more than last year) have registered on 11 profiles of the Olympics.   This is the first project in Russia to attract talented international master’s students to study at leading Russian universities, covering almost all countries of the world.   The Olympiad is held in Russian and English, in two stages, each of which takes place online, which helps Russian universities to attract the most trained and motivated international master’s students from leading countries. The Olympiad helps us to promote Russian higher education in the open global market, fully competing for the best applicants.   Representatives of Asian and African countries (88%) are most interested in studying at Russian universities, this year representatives of the CIS countries made up 6%, America - 3%, Europe, Australia and Oceania - 1% each.   TSU is the organizer of three areas of the Olympiad: Linguistics and Modern Languages, for which 2,817 people from 130 countries have registered this year; Psychology – 2,450 registrations from 125 countries, Biology – 4,006 registrations from 21 countries.   The leaders in the number of registrations to our destinations are Nigeria, Bangladesh, Pakistan, Indonesia, India, and Ghana.   Participants who submit their portfolios for the first stage are now waiting for the announcement of the results, which will be held on December 30. The best participants will be admitted to the second stage, which will be held in January 2020 in proctoring mode.   - The participant of the Olympiad installs special software on the computer. It will help to identify the participant and provide comprehensive monitoring during the period of the olympiad tasks (3 hours). For the first time, the holding of olympiad events in the proctoring mode was tested in 2017. Now this technology is actively used by universities, - said the organizers of the Olympiad.   Winners of the Olympics will be announced on February 20, 2020.   Winners of the Olympics will receive the right to free education at any of the best Russian universities on the basis of the quota for the education of the Government of the Russian Federation. Winners and prize-winners of the Olympics can get additional opportunities offered by the organizing universities of the Olympics. More than 300 quotas have been allocated for participants in the 2019/2020 Olympics.
09.01.2020 Read More
TSU physicists have created one of the most efficient rocket fuels
Scientists at the Faculty of Physics and Engineering, working with the Tomsk company Scientific and Production Center Chemical Technologies, have created and tested an improved model of a hybrid rocket engine. New fuel components that increased its main characteristic - calorie content, and therefore efficiency - were synthesized.   The staff of the TSU Department of Mathematical Physics carried out a project to improve the design of a solid-fuel hybrid rocket engine and the fuel that is used in such engines. Scientists have mathematically modeled an optimized engine and made fuel compositions based on aluminum diboride and dodecaboride. This is one of the most promising areas in the world for increasing fuel efficiency.   Rocket fuel with the addition of the components proposed by TSU specialists is distinguished by the highest calorific value, and this is precisely what characterizes the fuel efficiency.   As Alexander Zhukov, professor at the Department of Mathematical Physics, said, boron is the highest-energy solid component known today, but directly introducing it into the fuel is inefficient because a dense oxide film is formed and this leads to a high degree of burning out. But in combination with aluminum, boron burns well and increases energy.   - What is widely used today in rocket fuel is not chemical compounds, but, as a rule, a mixture of aluminum and boron. These are completely different things. Our technique for the synthesis of polyborides is quite unique and effective, and it has become one of the main achievements in the course of the project, - explained Alexander Zhukov. - The materials went through all the necessary research and certification, we calculated the burning rate and calorific value of the resulting fuel, and our partner, Chemical Technologies, mastered the production of these borides and other compounds.   The production of new rocket fuel components will be part of a Russian-Indian project. Industrial scale production will be launched by the Indian.
09.01.2020 Read More
Russia and France will create a network to study Siberia and Arctiс
In Paris, at the workshop Environmental Changes in Siberia, scientists from Russia and France have discussed creating a network to study environmental changes in Siberia and the Arctic. This macroregion has an impact on climate formation and the well-being of the entire planet, so French researchers are ready to participate in bilateral projects to obtain new information on the manifestations of global warming and its possible consequences.   Participants from the Russian side were TSU staff, V.E. Zuev Institute of Atmospheric Optics, and scientists from the Siberian Federal University, Moscow State University, and the Institute of Geography of the Russian Academy of Sciences (Moscow). France was represented by the National Center for Scientific Research (CNRS), the largest French public research institution, uniting French government organizations specializing in applied and basic research.   - In Paris, we presented the results of several scientific projects and a tool for implementing them - a megatransect, a line of research stations and all-weather sampling points for studying environmental changes,- says Sergei Kirpotin, director of the TSU Bio-Clim-Land Center of Excellence. - Our experience aroused great interest among French colleagues because the presence of the transect helps us to research throughout the year. Many experts studying Siberia and the Arctic are forced to end their field season with the onset of cold weather. TSU has no limitations in this sense. Also, transects are a kind of supporting research axis, the infrastructure of which allows the implementation of logistics of several large projects at the same time with minimal costs. It is planned to create a new transect from west to east along the continental gradient of Siberia.   The megatransect is expanding dynamically due to the joining of scientific hospitals, which are partners of the SecNet network, created under the auspices of the university to study Siberia and the Arctic. The French are interested in researching this area. They are ready to combine their scientific potential and their resources with Russian centers under a joint network, which has already received the working title From the Tundra to the Steppe.   - The French scientists have very developed remote sensing technologies for the Earth, which are optimal for exploring Siberia and the Arctic because of their vast expanse and the presence of inaccessible places, for example, the Vasyugan marshes, - says Sergey Kirpotin. - France has very strong specialists in biogeochemistry. This area has a huge role in the study of climate. In France, humanities areas are actively developing in which TSU has created a huge scientific reserve, therefore, the field of joint interests is anthropology and the study of the indigenous peoples of Siberia and the Arctic. I am sure that by combining our competencies, we can get a synergistic effect.   Based on the results of the workshop and the negotiations, the parties formed the final concept of the research network. The next step will be presenting it to the leadership of the scientific centers of Russia and France - potential network participants - and to the governments of the two countries. It is assumed that the signing of the formal agreement will take place in 2020. Scientists note that the availability of a research network will be the basis for future joint projects, participation in international grants, and conducting the research necessary to understand and forecast the changes occurring with the planet.   As the French partners noted, now is the most favorable time for the development of bilateral collaboration in the study of Siberia and the Arctic, as the rapprochement of the two countries at the highest level has begun, including an active dialogue between the presidents of Russia and France. Evidence of this was the participation in the workshop of representatives of the French Ministry for Europe and Foreign Affairs and the French National Centre for Scientific Research directorate.
13.11.2019 Read More
Huawei will provide scholarships to the best TSU students
A delegation of Huawei Co., one of the world leaders in telecommunications, recently paid a working visit to TSU. At meetings with the leadership of faculties and institutes, several areas of collaboration were identified. Meeting with TSU Rector Eduard Galazhinsky, company representatives discussed the possibility of joint testing of new technologies at the University and the allocation of Huawei scholarships to the best students and graduate students of TSU's specialized faculties.   - We know that TSU is one of the leading universities in Russia, so the company has an interest in collaboration in areas such as training on our models and creating good scientific projects,- said Xiao Chunpen, director of the Huawei Research Center in Novosibirsk. - We are already collaborating with the TSU Institute of Applied Mathematics and Computer Science, and now we are discussing the technical details of a joint project agreement on big data transfer. The company is ready to support the best students and young scientists of the Institute and provide Huawei scholarships for them.   In addition to the IT area, collaboration can also be developed in other areas. In particular, the Chinese company was attracted by the TSU mathematical scientific school, which is successfully engaged in mathematical modeling and helps to solve technical problems for various enterprises, including software developers. New materials developed by TSU chemists for the space industry also aroused considerable interest.     TSU Rector Eduard Galazhinsky noted that to solve technical problems facing the company, the university can use both its own capabilities and the potential of the Big University, which is now being created. It will unite six universities and 12 academic institutes of Tomsk and representatives of business. There will be one entry point, including for contact with industrial partners. Along with this, company representatives were invited to organize a joint training ground for technology testing.   - Our city is unique because 80% of students come from other regions and countries, so Tomsk is such an educational hub, - said Eduard Galazhinsky. - In our case, there is a good opportunity to test new technologies through students who travel around the world. Now we have the introduction of new technical services as part of the Smart Campus project. With Huawei, we could create a joint training ground that will help us to test technologies and refine them taking into account the data received.   Representatives of the company noted that they were interested in this idea and needed to work it out in detail. Following the talks, the parties decided to create working groups that will coordinate the interaction. In November, TSU representatives will visit a research center in Novosibirsk to meet with Mr. Zhou Hong, director of the Huawei Institute for Eurasia Research and to discuss in detail the technical problems that the world leader in electronics production could solve with TSU’s participation.    
11.11.2019 Read More